Limites de Exposição à Radiação Eletromagnética

Documentos (recomendações, normas, entre outros) de diversas entidades internacionais acerca dos limites de exposição à radiação eletromagnética.

Título Radiation, Mobile Phones, Base Stations and Your Health
Resumo With the technology rapidly advancing, mobile phone users and people living within close range of the mobile phone base stations have become increasingly concerned over the potential harmful effects of radiofrequency radiation produced by these devices to their health.
Fonte Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission
Origem Malásia
Autor/Editor Ng Kwan-Hoong
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Endereço https://www.who.int/peh-emf/
publications/en/mcmcradiationmobilephonebk.pdf
Referência
Data Fevereiro 2005

Informação Geral

Título Electromagnetic Fields
Resumo Safety limits have been set by the European Union for the protection of workers and the general public against the effects of mobile phones and other electromagnetic fields. Are these safety limits adequate in the light of recent scientific evidence? The EC Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks (SCENIHR) has updated the previous opinion on “Possible effects of Electromagnetic Fields (EMF), Radio Frequency Fields (RF) and Microwave Radiation on human health” by the Scientific Committee on Toxicity, Ecotoxicity and the Environment (CSTEE) from 2001, with respect to whether or not exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) is a cause of disease or other health effects.
Fonte European Commission – Directorate General for Health and Consumers
Origem Internacional
Autor/Editor GreenFacts
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Endereço https://ec.europa.eu/health/
scientific_committees/opinions_layman/en/
electromagnetic-fields/index.htm
Referência
Data Janeiro 2009
Título Radiation, Mobile Phones, Base Stations and Your Health
Resumo With the technology rapidly advancing, mobile phone users and people living within close range of the mobile phone base stations have become increasingly concerned over the potential harmful effects of radiofrequency radiation produced by these devices to their health.
Fonte Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission
Origem Malásia
Autor/Editor Ng Kwan-Hoong
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Endereço https://www.who.int/peh-emf/
publications/en/mcmcradiationmobilephonebk.pdf
Referência
Data Fevereiro 2005
Título Health and Electromagnetic Fields
Resumo This publication describes the background to research on the health impacts of electromagnetic fields and gives some examples of research projects funded by the European Commission. It also places this research in the context of EU policies and initiatives at international level.
Fonte European Commission
Origem Internacional
Autor/Editor European Commission
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Endereço https://ec.europa.eu/health/
archive/ph_determinants/environment/emf/brochure_en.pdf
Referência
Data Janeiro 2005
Título EMF – Electric and Magnetic Fields Associeted with the Use of Electric Power. Questions & Answers
Resumo This booklet explains the basic principles of electric and magnetic fields, provides an overview of the results of major research studies, and summarizes conclusions of the expert review panels to help you reach your own conclusions about EMF-related health concerns.
Fonte National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Origem EUA
Autor/Editor NIEHS
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Endereço https://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/
materials/electric_and_magnetic_fields_associated_with_the_use_of
_electric_power_questions_and_answers_english_508.pdf
Referência
Data Janeiro 2002
Título OET Bulletin Number 56 (Fourth Edition August 1999) – Questions and Answers about Biological Effects and Potential Hazards of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields
Resumo This is an informative bulletin written as a result of increasing interest and concern of the public with respect to this issue. The expanding use of radiofrequency technology has resulted in speculation concerning the alleged “electromagnetic pollution” of the environment and the potential dangers of exposure to non-ionizing radiation. This publication is designed to provide factual information to the public by answering some of the most commonly asked questions. It includes the latest information on FCC guidelines for human exposure to RF energy.
Fonte Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
Origem Estados Unidos da América
Autor/Editor Robert F. Cleveland,Jr., Jerry L. Ulcek
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Endereço https://transition.fcc.gov/Bureaus/
Engineering_Technology/Documents/bulletins/oet56/oet56e4.pdf
Referência OET Bulletin Number 56 (Fourth Edition August 1999)
Data Agosto 1999
Título Health and Electromagnetic Fields
Resumo This publication describes the background to research on the health impacts of electromagnetic fields and gives some examples of research projects funded by the European Commission. It also places this research in the context of EU policies and initiatives at international level.
Fonte European Commission
Origem Internacional
Autor/Editor European Commission
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Endereço https://ec.europa.eu/health/
archive/ph_determinants/environment/emf/brochure_en.pdf
Referência
Data Janeiro 2005

Relatórios Técnicos

Título Guidance on Complying With Limits For Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields
Resumo This Recommendation aims to help with compliance of telecommunication installations and mobile handsets or other radiating devices used against the head with safety limits for human exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMFs). It presents general guidance, a calculation method, and an installation assessment procedure. The assessment procedure for telecommunication installations, based on safety limits provided by ICNIRP, helps users determine the likelihood of installation compliance based on accessibility criteria, antenna properties and emitter power. The IEC Standard for the compliance measurement of mobile handsets is recommended.
Fonte Telecommunication Standardization Sector of International Telecommunication Union (ITU-T)
Origem Internacional
Autor/Editor ITU-T Study Group 5
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Endereço https://www.itu.int/rec/T-REC-K.52/en
Referência ITU-T Recommendation K.52
Data Setembro 2018
Título Exposure of the General Public to Radio Waves near Microcell and Picocell Base Stations for Mobile Telecommunications
Resumo This document reports on the exposure assessment of the general public to radio waves transmitted by microcell and picocell base stations for mobile telecommunications through theoretical and experimental means. More generally, exposures to radio waves transmitted over a range of frequencies in the VHF and UHF bands by a variety of sources have also been investigated experimentally.
Fonte Health Protection Agency – National Radiological Protection Board (NRPB)
Origem Cooper et al.
Autor/Editor NRPB
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Endereço https://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/
20110319125023/http://NPRBArchivewww.hpa.nhs.uk/
Publications/Radiation//NRPBWSeriesRepor/
ts2004nrpbw062
Referência NRPB – W62
Data Setembro 2004
Título Safety Issues Associated With Base Stations Used for Personal Wireless Communications
Resumo The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Committee on Man and Radiation (COMAR) acknowledges public concerns about the safety of exposure to radio frequency (RF) fields from base station antennas used for cellular telephone and other wireless communications services. This technical information statement explains the basic operating characteristics of the various cellular and related personal wireless communication services, and resulting exposure levels are compared to the FCC and other safety guidelines. An Appendix describes wireless cellular systems in more detail, and includes a glossary of terms.
Fonte Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Committee on Man and Radiation (COMAR)
Origem Estados Unidos da América
Autor/Editor IEEE COMAR
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Endereço https://ewh.ieee.org/soc/embs/comar/base.pdf
Referência  
Data Setembro 2000
Título Exposure to radio waves near mobile phone base stations
Resumo This NRPB report reflects understanding and evaluation of the current scientific evidence on exposure to radio waves coming from mobile phone base stations. The objectives of this report are to provide factual information about exposure and to clarify further the basis for NRPB scientific position. It gives an overview on base station characteristics, national and international exposure guidelines, measurement equipments and surveying procedures. Results of exposure assessments carried out at 17 sites near mobile phone base stations are presented and discussed.
Fonte National Radiological Protection Board (NRPB)
Origem Reino Unido
Autor/Editor Mann et al.
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Endereço https://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/
/http://www.hpa.org.uk/Publications/Radiation/
NPRBArchive/MiscellaneousNRPBReports/
Abstracts1996To2001/2000nrpbR321
Referência NRPB – R321
Data Junho 2000
Título Radiated EME exposure levels – Prediction methodologies
Resumo Radiated fields from cellular telephone base stations must comply with safety limits imposed by the Australian Communications Authority (ACA). The limits are described in the ACA Standard: Electromagnetic Radiation – Human Exposure Standard 1999. The purpose of this technical report is to provide a protocol that allows a prediction of the estimated exposure levels to show compliance with the ACA Standard prior to installation of the radiating antennae. The assessment is a prediction of RF EME levels that are a result of line-of-sight propagation from the antennae to a point that is considered to be in the centre of the horizontal beam pattern.
Fonte Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA)
Origem Austrália
Autor/Editor Michael Bangay / ARPANSA
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Endereço https://www.arpansa.gov.au/sites/
default/files/legacy/pubs/emeReports/predmeth.pdf
Referência  
Data Março 2000
Título Levels of Radiofrequency Radiation from GSM Mobile Telephone Base Stations
Resumo This report presents field survey measurements data and provides information on the levels of radiofrequency (RF) radiation to which members of the public may be exposed from mobile telephone base stations. The measured RF electromagnetic energy (EME) levels are compared with the maximum permitted limit for non-occupational exposure with respect to the Radiocommunications (Electromagnetic Radiation Human Exposure) Standard 1999 which specifies a maximum non-occupational exposure limit of 2 W/m2 (equivalent to 200 μW/cm2) at relevant base station frequencies. Although the focus of the survey was on measuring the RF EME emission levels from the digital Global System for Mobile communication (GSM), the environmental RF EME measurement component of the project involved investigating the EME levels from other sources, including the analog Advance Mobile Phone Systems (AMPS), VHF TV, UHF TV, AM radio, FM radio and Paging. The results clearly demonstrate that the RF EME emissions from GSM base stations are several orders of magnitude below the maximum permitted limit. A worst case RF EME power flux density prediction, based on our measurements from GSM base stations, is 0.178 μW/cm2 (the 200 μW/cm2 limit of power flux density is at least 1,000 times this predicted value). However, the average RF exposure level from GSM base stations is considerably less, at 0.0016 μW/cm2 (the 200 μW/cm2 limit of power flux density is at least 100,000 times this average value). Measurements of the fixed site environmental RF EME power flux density levels indicate that, relative to the maximum exposure limit permitted in the standard, after adjusting the exposure limit with respect to the frequency of the signal, the highest environmental RF exposure was FM radio (0.0259 μW/cm2), with the 200 μW/cm2 limit of power flux density at least 7,000 times this value.
Fonte Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA)
Origem Austrália
Autor/Editor Line et al.
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Endereço https://web.archive.org.au/
awa/20161017024026mp_/http://www.arpansa.gov.au/
pubs/technicalreports/rfrep129.pdf
Referência Technical Report 129
Data Janeiro 2000
Título EMF – Electric and Magnetic Fields Associeted with the Use of Electric Power. Questions & Answers
Resumo This booklet explains the basic principles of electric and magnetic fields, provides an overview of the results of major research studies, and summarizes conclusions of the expert review panels to help you reach your own conclusions about EMF-related health concerns.
Fonte National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Origem EUA
Autor/Editor NIEHS
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Endereço https://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/
materials/electric_and_magnetic_fields_associated_with_the_use_of
_electric_power_questions_and_answers_english_508.pdf
Referência
Data Janeiro 2002
2020-11-17T19:28:42+00:00
Go to Top