Documentos de diversas entidades internacionais sobre como deve ser feita a comunicação do risco associado à exposição a radiação eletromagnética.
Establishing a Dialogue on Risks from Electromagnetic Fields
Public concern over the possible health effects from electromagnetic fields (EMF) has led to the preparation of this handbook.Potential risks of EMF exposure from facilities such as power lines or mobile phone base stations present a difficult set of challenges for decision-makers. The challenges include determining if there is a hazard from EMF exposure and what the potential health impact is, i.e. risk assessment; recognizing the reasons why the public may be concerned, i.e. risk perception; and implementing policies that protect public health and respond to public concerns, i.e. risk management. Responding to these challenges requires the involvement of individuals or organizations with the right set of competencies, combining relevant scientific expertise, strong communication skills and good judgement in the management and regulatory areas. This will be true in any context, be it local, regional or even national or global.
General Approach to Protection Against Non-Ionizing Radiation
This document explains the approach that ICNIRP uses in providing advice on protection against non-ionizing radiation (NIR) exposure to serve both as a guide for the understanding of ICNIRP’s documents and for its future work. The activities of ICNIRP are delineated, and the relationships with other advisory and legislative bodies are described. Furthermore, ICNIRP’s current general approach to the assessment of health risks as a basis for the development of guidelines on limiting exposure is explained.
International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP)
Precautionary Framework for Public Health Protection
The Precautionary Framework is an overarching concept encompassing procedures to consider in managing risks that are either known (i.e. relatively established and certain) or uncertain. It is intended that the precautionary framework provides knowledge at all key stages and thus ensure a more comprehensive understanding of overall or aggregate risk. The Precautionary Framework also provides ways to develop options for reducing exposure to physical, chemical or biological agents, to assess and select the option or options most appropriate for the risk being considered, and facilitates implementation, evaluation and monitoring the chosen option(s). Risk management within the Precautionary Framework is an iterative process and encourages the development of new information and understanding. By involving a wide range of stakeholders in the process, the Precautionary Framework requires clarification of stakeholder interests as well as transparency in the way decisions are made.
Risk Communication Handbook – Working with the Community
This handbook has been developed to help those working in telecommunications network development to improve the way they communicate with local communities in the UK. Whilst not mandatory it is intended as a guide to the basics of risk communication and to demonstrate how to undertake consultation for proposed sites as effectively as possible.
Risk communication is the process of informing people about the hazards of a site. The purpose of risk communication is to help residents of affected communities to: understand risk assessment and risk management; form scientifically valid perceptions of the likely hazards; and participate in making decisions about how risk should be managed. The process of informing people about site hazards is a two-way conversation in which the site team informs and is informed by affected community members. This tool contains techniques for effectively communicating risk to the public.