Relatórios de entidades internacionais acerca da exposição à radiação electromagnética, como os seus efeitos na saúde, entre outros.
Bioelectromagnetics Journal (special issue) – Reviews of the effects of RF fields on various aspects of human health
These review papers were commissioned by the IEEE ICES(International Committee on Electromagnetic Safety) Subcommittee 4 on radio frequency (RF) standards. The reviews survey the scientific background of the issue for members of the subcommittee, as it prepares a proposed revision of the standard for exposure of human beings to RF fields (IEEE C95.1-1991).
Epidemiology of Health Effects of Radiofrequency Exposure
The authors have undertaken a comprehensive review of epidemiologic studies about the effects of radiofrequency fields (RFs) on human health in order to summarize the current state of knowledge, explain the methodologic issues that are involved, and aid in the planning of future studies. There have been a large number of occupational studies over several decades, particularly on cancer,cardiovascular disease, adverse reproductive outcome, and cataract, in relation to RF exposure. More recently, there have been studies of residential exposure, mainly from radio and television transmitters, and especially focusing on leukemia. There have also been studies of mobile telephone users, particularly on brain tumors and less often on other cancers and on symptoms. Results of these studies to date give no consistent or convincing evidence of a causal relation between RF exposure and any adverse health effect. On the other hand, the studies have too many deficiencies to rule out an association. A key concern across all studies is the quality of assessment of RF exposure. Despite the ubiquity of new technologies using RFs, little is known about population exposure from RF sources and even less about the relative importance of different sources. Other cautions are that mobile phone studies to date have been able to address only relatively short lag periods, that almost no data are available on the consequences of childhood exposure, and that published data largely concentrate on a small number of outcomes, especially brain tumor and leukemia.
International Commission for Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP)
Standing Committee on Epidemiology: Ahlbom,A., Green,A., Kheifets,L., Savitz,D. and Swerdlow,A.
Environmental Health Perspectives, volume 112:1741-1754
Final Technical Report on Occupational EMF Exposure
This report focuses on analysis of on-going and completed studies conducted in different European countries in the area of measurement methods and computer simulations used for specific EMF exposure assessment for occupational risk evaluation.
Effects of the Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields: From Science to Public Health and Safer Workplace (EMF-NET)
Health Effects from Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields. Report of an Independent Advisory Group on Non-Ionising Radiation
The Advisory Group provides support for the development of NRPB advice on non-ionising radiation. It was set up by the Director of NRPB in 1990 with terms of reference: “to review work on the biological effects of non-ionising radiation relevant to human health and to advise on research priorities”. The present report is the first by the Advisory Group to have comprehensively addressed scientific research related to concerns about exposures to RF fields. The Advisory Group considered that this report should cover sources of RF exposure as well as experimental and epidemiological studies relevant to concerns about human health. The RF fields to wich people may be exposed from a variety a variety of devices cover a wide range with very variable signal characteristics and these are considered. The report is limited, however, to radiation effects, and does not consider other aspects of mobile phone or other RF device use.
This report considers present concerns about the possible health effects from the use of mobile phones, base stations and transmitters, it conducts a rigorous assessment of existing research and gives advice based on the present state of knowledge. It also makes recommendations on further work that should be carried out to improve the basis for sound advice.